Most commonly, it is an alternate spelling of the Chinese surname used especially in Taiwan based on the Wade-Giles transliteration of . This spelling is used in many English language sources on China written before the widespread adoption of the pinyin transliteration system in the 1980s. For example, Deng Xiaoping was written "Teng Hsiao-p'ing."
However, Teng is also a different and much rarer Chinese surname derived from in the . It is ''Tàhng'' in and is usually Romanized as "Tang" in Hong Kong. It is ''Têng'' in Minnan .
Notable persons with the surname Teng
Persons surnamed Teng include:
*Teng Biao , Beijing, China-based human rights lawyer
*Teng Haibin , gymnast from Beijing, China
*Joyce Tang , Hong Kong celebrity
*Lee C. Teng, Chinese-American Accelerator Physicist
*Teng Xiu , Wu minister during the Three Kingdoms period
*Teng Yin , Wu minister during the Three Kingdoms period
*Empress Teng , empress of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period of China
Other persons named Teng include:
*Tais Teng, Dutch writer
*Vienna Teng, American singer
*Shanghua Teng , computer scientist